The role of carbon in stainless steel balls:
Carbon is required to make steel balls. This especially enables the formation of cementite and perlite. The more carbon in the stainless steel balls, the harder they will be. In addition, this factor also affects the wear resistance of the ball.
The role of niobium in stainless steel balls:
In black stainless steel, adding niobium is one of the most effective ways to improve the heat resistance of the alloy. The addition of niobium helps to reduce corrosion of stainless steel balls, especially in high-temperature use areas. Therefore, it acts as a stabilizer.
The role of titanium:
The addition of titanium improves pitting resistance. Titanium is considered as a stabilizer in stainless steel ball alloys.
The role of manganese in stainless steel balls:
Manganese is often used to replace nickel. Manganese reacts with oxygen and therefore acts as an antioxidant. It will affect the properties of steel, especially its hardening ability.
The role of chromium in stainless steel balls:
Chromium is particularly used to increase the hardness and wear resistance of stainless steel balls. Chromium is also known for its corrosion resistance. Steel containing more than 12% chromium is considered stainless steel.
The role of silicon in stainless steel balls:
Silicon plays an anti-oxidation effect in steel. Moreover, its combination with other alloys makes steel more wear-resistant. A small amount of silicon is added to the steel to improve corrosion resistance. Silicon is usually added to stainless steel to improve its oxidation resistance.
The role of nickel in stainless steel balls:
Nickel has excellent ductility and tensile strength. These properties are maintained at very cold temperatures. Nickel is conducive to the formation of uniform austenite structure of stainless steel balls.
The role of molybdenum in stainless steel balls:
Molybdenum is used in stainless steel for densities up to 8%, but the most common range is 2 to 4%. Even at a low ratio, molybdenum can ensure that it plays a powerful role in improving the strength of the alloy.