Principle and performance of surface hardening process for hardened steel ball surface induction heating

- Sep 06, 2018 -

When the steel ball is hardened, the surface has been subjected to the relevant heat treatment, and the certain performance is obtained. The heat treatment process of the hardened steel ball is excellent. One is the induction heating surface quenching, which is a certain method to generate a certain frequency of induced current on the surface of the workpiece. A heat treatment operation method in which the surface of the steel ball is rapidly heated and then rapidly quenched and cooled.


In the induction heating surface quenching process, electromagnetic induction produces the same frequency of induced current, that is, eddy current, the distribution of eddy current in the cross section of the workpiece is uneven, the core is almost equal to zero, and the surface current density is extremely high, the higher the frequency, the current density The thinner the large surface layer. Relying on this current and the resistance of the workpiece itself, the surface of the workpiece is rapidly heated to the quenching temperature, while the core temperature is still close to room temperature, and then immediately sprayed with water to cool the surface of the steel ball.


After the hardened steel ball is quenched by induction surface, the surface hardness is often 2~3 units higher than that of ordinary quenching; the wear resistance of the workpiece after induction hardening is higher than that of ordinary quenching. This is mainly due to the combination of hardened martensite grains, high carbide dispersion, high hardness, and high compressive stress on the surface.